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磺酸盐双子表面活性剂的合成及性能

姜昭文 郑攀飞 郑继龙 冯树云 唐善法 金礼俊

姜昭文, 郑攀飞, 郑继龙, 冯树云, 唐善法, 金礼俊. 磺酸盐双子表面活性剂的合成及性能[J]. 华南师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2021, 53(5): 23-29. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2021071
引用本文: 姜昭文, 郑攀飞, 郑继龙, 冯树云, 唐善法, 金礼俊. 磺酸盐双子表面活性剂的合成及性能[J]. 华南师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2021, 53(5): 23-29. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2021071
JIANG Zhaowen, ZHENG Panfei, ZHENG Jilong, FENG Shuyun, TANG Shanfa, JIN Lijun. The Synthesis and Performance of Sulfonate Gemini Surfactant[J]. Journal of South China normal University (Natural Science Edition), 2021, 53(5): 23-29. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2021071
Citation: JIANG Zhaowen, ZHENG Panfei, ZHENG Jilong, FENG Shuyun, TANG Shanfa, JIN Lijun. The Synthesis and Performance of Sulfonate Gemini Surfactant[J]. Journal of South China normal University (Natural Science Edition), 2021, 53(5): 23-29. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2021071

磺酸盐双子表面活性剂的合成及性能

doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2021071
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 51774049

国家自然科学基金项目 51474035

详细信息
    通讯作者:

    唐善法,Email: tangsf2005@126.com

  • 中图分类号: O647.11

The Synthesis and Performance of Sulfonate Gemini Surfactant

  • 摘要: 以2-氯乙基磺酸钠、1, 3-丙二胺、环氧氯丙烷等为原料,经取代、开环反应合成了一种磺酸盐型阴离子双子表面活性剂:N, N-二(3-氯-2-羟基丙烷-N-十六烷基仲胺)丙二胺二乙基磺酸钠(GAS-316). 通过控制变量,优化了GAS-316的合成条件;利用傅里叶变换红外光谱(FT-IR)和核磁共振氢谱(1H NMR)对GAS-316进行结构表征,并评价其表面/界面性能. 结果表明:GAS-316的临界胶束浓度(CCMC)为0.27 mmol/L,其表面张力γCMC为19.64 mN/m,具备优秀的表面活性;质量分数为0.5%的GAS-316溶液在45 ℃时,20 min内可将油水界面张力降至5.25×10-2 mN/m(低界面张力级别),拥有较好的界面活性.
  • 图  1  GAS-316的合成路线

    Figure  1.  The synthesis route of GAS-316

    图  2  终产物的FT-IR谱

    Figure  2.  The FT-IR spectra of the final product

    图  3  最终产物的1H NMR谱

    Figure  3.  The 1H NMR spectra of the final product

    图  4  pH对产率的影响

    Figure  4.  The effect of pH on the product yield

    图  5  滴加时间对产率的影响

    Figure  5.  The effect of dripping time on the product yield

    图  6  温度对产率的影响

    Figure  6.  The effect of temperature on the product yield

    图  7  GAS-316和SDS的γ-lg C曲线

    Figure  7.  The γ-lg C curve of GAS-316 and SDS

    图  8  2种表面活性剂的动态IFT曲线

    Figure  8.  The dynamic IFT curves of two surfactants

    表  1  投料比对产率的影响

    Table  1.   The effect of material ratio on the product yield

    投料比 产率/%
    1∶2.0 30.84
    1∶2.1 34.39
    1∶2.2 46.25
    1∶2.3 45.11
    注:投料比为丙二胺二乙基磺酸钠与环氧氯丙烷的物质的量之比.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  2种表面活性剂的CCMCγCMC

    Table  2.   The CCMC and γCMC of two surfactants

    表面活性剂 CCMC/(mmol·L-1) γCMC/(mN·m-1) πCMC/(mN·m-1) pC20 Γmax/(μmol·m-2) Amin/(nm2)
    GAS-316 0.27 19.64 52.26 3.41 6.15 0.269 8
    SDS 8.01 38.00 33.90 0.31 1.29 1.287 1
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-10-31
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-11-11
  • 刊出日期:  2021-10-25

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