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冥想加工性别差异的神经机制——来自ERP的证据

莫欣妍 何胜昔 王玉正 罗非

莫欣妍, 何胜昔, 王玉正, 罗非. 冥想加工性别差异的神经机制——来自ERP的证据[J]. 华南师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2021, 53(1): 119-127. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2021018
引用本文: 莫欣妍, 何胜昔, 王玉正, 罗非. 冥想加工性别差异的神经机制——来自ERP的证据[J]. 华南师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2021, 53(1): 119-127. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2021018
MO Xinyan, HE Shengxi, WANG Yuzheng, LUO Fei. The Neural Mechanism for Gender Difference in Meditation Processing: Evidence from ERP[J]. Journal of South China normal University (Natural Science Edition), 2021, 53(1): 119-127. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2021018
Citation: MO Xinyan, HE Shengxi, WANG Yuzheng, LUO Fei. The Neural Mechanism for Gender Difference in Meditation Processing: Evidence from ERP[J]. Journal of South China normal University (Natural Science Edition), 2021, 53(1): 119-127. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2021018

冥想加工性别差异的神经机制——来自ERP的证据

doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2021018
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 31970926

中国科学院心理研究所青年人才科研启动项目 Y9CX441005

详细信息
    通讯作者:

    罗非,Email:luof@psych.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: B845

The Neural Mechanism for Gender Difference in Meditation Processing: Evidence from ERP

  • 摘要: 采用事件相关电位(ERP)技术,记录52名大学生被试在听(正性和负性)冥想指导语的脑电波, 探索冥想加工过程的神经机制与性别差异. 以固定频率的声音作为线索诱发N2和P3成分,这2个成分作为探究刺激差异和注意力资源调配的标记分别在160 ms和240 ms的时间上观察到. 结果表明:在正性冥想条件下,在前额叶皮层(PFC)中观察到的N160波幅更大,而在负性冥想条件下,P240波幅减小;在负性冥想条件下,表现出明显的性别的差异,主要是情绪偏侧化加工更加明显,男性在N160左额叶波幅显著大于右额叶,女性在P240右额叶波幅显著大于左额叶. 结果为冥想的作用存在性别差异进一步提供神经生理方面的证据.
  • 图  1  正/负性冥想条件下的ERP波形特征

    Figure  1.  The ERPs recorded during positive and regative meditation

    图  2  正/负性冥想过程中大脑的ERP波形地图

    Figure  2.  The topographic maps of brain activity in response to the meditation task

    图  3  N160成分中男性在正性和负性冥想中前额叶左右电极点的波幅差异

    Figure  3.  The lateralization of the male frontal lobe of the N160 amplitude in positive and negative meditation

    图  4  P240成分中女性在正性和负性冥想中前额叶左右电极点的波幅差异

    Figure  4.  The lateralization of the female frontal lobe of the P240 amplitude in positive and negative meditation

    表  1  情绪语句主观评定结果

    Table  1.   The results of online questionnaire on emotional arousal self-assessment

    负性语词 唤醒度 负性语词 唤醒度 正性语词 唤醒度 正性语词 唤醒度
    孤独 3.96 悲伤 3.21 幸福 5.55 真诚 5.88
    焦虑 3.96 苦闷 3.32 5.36 自由 5.30
    烦躁 3.84 遗弃 2.62 成功 4.21 如意 5.21
    默默承受 4.54 失落 3.29 自信 4.86 拥有 5.20
    倒霉 3.61 绝望 2.63 尊重 5.48 相信 5.45
    软弱可欺 3.08 付出 4.19 独一无二 4.67 鼓励 5.36
    伤心 3.51 无助 3.23 快乐 5.49 正义 5.73
    抑郁 3.13 寂寞 3.45 希望 5.65 支持 5.49
    愤怒 3.16 失败 3.16 丰盛 5.17 理解 5.59
    颓废 3.75 冷漠 2.84 光明 5.37 优秀 5.10
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  52名被试实验后主观报告的情绪语句、出现频次及平均唤醒度评定结果

    Table  2.   The emotional statements reported by 52 subjects and their frequency and arousal degree

    情绪词 频次 唤醒度 情绪词 频次 唤醒度 情绪词 频次 唤醒度 情绪词 频次 唤醒度
    孤独 20 3.91 悲伤 1 2.85 幸福 2 5.24 真诚 1 5.62
    焦虑 3 3.88 苦闷 1 2.97 6 5.5 自由 2 5.29
    烦躁 4 3.82 遗弃 1 1.94 成功 3 4.35 如意 2 5.21
    默默承受 2 4.12 失落 1 2.94 自信 2 4.38 拥有 2 5.41
    倒霉 2 2.82 付出 1 4.35 尊重 1 5.18 相信 3 5.35
    软弱可欺 2 3.09 无助 1 3.35 独一无二 2 4.94 鼓励 2 5.68
    伤心 3 3.44 寂寞 1 3.06 开心快乐 5 4.76 正义 1 5.41
    抑郁 2 2.59 希望 3 5.06 支持 2 5.85
    愤怒 1 2.29 丰盛 1 5.06 理解 1 5.68
    颓废 1 2.59 光明 1 5.24 优秀 1 5.00
    注:ERP实验后52名被试共报告50个消极情绪语句,49个积极情绪语句,剔除本文非网络问卷设定的情绪关键词,剩下47个消极语句和43个积极语句,按照被试所报告的语句中消极和积极词汇出现的频次整理得出17个消极词汇和20个积极词汇.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  前半脑各成分的分布位置、平均潜伏期及平均波幅(x±SE)

    Table  3.   The location, mean latency and mean amplitude of frontal cerebral hemisphere components (Mean±SE)

    成分 位置 负性冥想 正性冥想
    男性 女性 男性 女性
    潜伏期/ms 波幅/μV 潜伏期/ms 波幅/μV 潜伏期/ms 波幅/μV 潜伏期/ms 波幅/μV
    N160 F3 161.78±21.76 -1.14±0.92 155.29±24.57 -0.24±1.36 153.50±22.93 -0.83±1.18 147.72±20.91 -1.30±1.39
    F4 159.06±22.56 -1.00±0.78 154.67±26.75 0.17±1.42 151.23±22.26 -0.71±1.07 149.22±22.37 -1.09±1.26
    F8 161.89±27.68 -0.67±1.29 155.79±27.15 0.15±1.84 158.27±29.67 -0.56±1.09 157.11±26.98 -1.11±1.48
    Fz 158.44±22.20 -1.11±0.67 157.29±24.75 0.19±1.45 150.59±23.26 -0.78±1.21 144.89±21.30 -1.59±2.03
    FC1 159.11±22.35 -0.87±0.83 154.38±24.64 -0.08±1.43 157.59±23.92 -0.97±1.19 145.61±21.14 -1.42±1.09
    FC2 158.00±23.35 -1.00±0.90 156.67±24.54 -0.02±1.30 154.14±23.33 -0.83±1.16 149.61±21.71 -1.37±1.07
    FC5 164.39±22.19 -0.99±0.94 156.96±28.32 -0.20±1.23 161.09±22.81 -0.60±1.37 147.56±22.17 -0.98±1.26
    FC6 161.83±25.58 -0.79±0.87 153.42±26.97 0.33±1.38 158.09±25.66 -0.67±1.10 157.94±26.05 -1.08±1.19
    FCz 158.44±23.15 -0.97±0.79 154.13±24.00 0.00±1.22 156.45±22.57 -0.89±1.19 145.44±21.13 -1.36±1.02
    P240 F3 254.78±31.22 1.02±1.08 246.08±27.05 2.06±1.54 238.14±20.29 1.19±1.37 247.22±17.12 1.41±1.39
    F4 249.56±27.23 1.16±1.20 247.00±27.58 2.52±1.31 242.64±29.36 1.24±1.17 247.06±17.11 1.54±0.98
    F8 252.00±32.76 1.01±1.72 245.25±30.62 2.10±1.75 238.86±31.90 0.84±1.23 253.61±23.57 0.87±1.14
    Fz 248.72±26.79 1.29±0.86 246.08±27.11 2.40±1.31 236.36±22.08 1.41±1.22 251.17±19.64 1.39±1.54
    FC2 248.72±28.75 1.10±0.84 241.92±26.39 2.32±1.34 234.41±20.73 1.07±1.29 248.33±15.47 1.47±1.23
    FC6 253.33±30.28 0.87±1.32 252.04±31.34 2.20±1.40 246.05±28.31 0.86±1.12 252.50±21.11 1.06±1.38
    FCz 249.72±29.15 1.39±1.01 242.08±25.78 2.31±1.21 240.32±24.20 1.16±1.39 249.17±15.77 1.59±1.19
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2020-06-15
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-03-24
  • 刊出日期:  2021-02-25

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