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不同品种黄皮果汁的品质及抗氧化能力

彭程 薛海军 常晓晓 邱继水 陈喆 林志雄 陆育生

彭程, 薛海军, 常晓晓, 邱继水, 陈喆, 林志雄, 陆育生. 不同品种黄皮果汁的品质及抗氧化能力[J]. 华南师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2020, 52(1): 70-76. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2020011
引用本文: 彭程, 薛海军, 常晓晓, 邱继水, 陈喆, 林志雄, 陆育生. 不同品种黄皮果汁的品质及抗氧化能力[J]. 华南师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2020, 52(1): 70-76. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2020011
PENG Cheng, XUE Haijun, CHANG Xiaoxiao, QIU Jishui, CHEN Zhe, LIN Zhixong, LU Yusheng. The Quality and Antioxidant Capacity of Fruit Juice of Different Wampee Cultivars[J]. Journal of South China normal University (Natural Science Edition), 2020, 52(1): 70-76. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2020011
Citation: PENG Cheng, XUE Haijun, CHANG Xiaoxiao, QIU Jishui, CHEN Zhe, LIN Zhixong, LU Yusheng. The Quality and Antioxidant Capacity of Fruit Juice of Different Wampee Cultivars[J]. Journal of South China normal University (Natural Science Edition), 2020, 52(1): 70-76. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2020011

不同品种黄皮果汁的品质及抗氧化能力

doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2020011
基金项目: 

广东省科技计划项目 2016B020201004

广东省优稀水果产业技术体系项目 2019KJ116

农业农村部热带作物种质资源保护项目 151821301354052705

广东省农业科学院院长基金项目 201817

广东省农业科学院青年导师制项目 R2018QD-019

详细信息
    通讯作者:

    陆育生, 副研究员, Email:luyusheng@gdaas.cn

  • 中图分类号: TS201.4

The Quality and Antioxidant Capacity of Fruit Juice of Different Wampee Cultivars

  • 摘要: 测定了20种黄皮果汁的可溶性固形物、可溶性糖、可滴定酸的质量分数及pH等基础品质指标以及抗坏血酸、总黄酮和总多酚等生物活性成分的质量浓度, 并采用DPPH法和FRAP法评价其抗氧化能力, 同时探讨了抗氧化能力与抗坏血酸、总黄酮、总多酚质量浓度的相关性.结果表明:不同黄皮品种间的可溶性固形物、可溶性糖、可滴定酸的质量分数和抗坏血酸、总黄酮、总多酚的质量浓度差异较大, 其糖酸比、pH、DPPH自由基清除能力以及FRAP抗氧化能力差异也较大, 基于上述理化指标的Q型聚类分析可将20个黄皮品种分成3大类群; DPPH自由基清除能力、FRAP抗氧化能力均与抗坏血酸、总黄酮和总多酚的质量浓度呈极显著的正相关(P<0.01), 表明黄皮果汁的抗氧化作用与其所含的抗坏血酸、总黄酮和总多酚关系密切.
  • 图  1  基于理化指标的黄皮品种聚类分析的树状图

    Figure  1.  The cluster analysis dendrogram of different wampee cultivars based on physic-chemical indices

    表  1  不同品种黄皮果汁的基础品质

    Table  1.   The basic qualities of fruit juice in different wampee cultivars

    品种 pH w(可溶性固形物)/% w(可溶性糖)/% w(可滴定酸)/% 糖酸比
    郁南无核 3.60±0.02h 16.53±0.15f 10.79±0.71fg 1.000±0.069c 10.81±0.73jkl
    果选1号 3.57±0.03hi 15.63±0.38h 7.69±0.36j 1.001±0.009c 7.69±0.38kl
    金鸡心 3.50±0.03i 15.60±0.26h 10.98±0.54efg 0.844±0.057d 13.07±1.51ijkl
    冰糖 5.43±0.03b 15.50±0.20h 11.50±1.11def 0.108±0.002h 106.78±9.43f
    从甜1号 5.22±0.17d 16.10±0.40fgh 11.65±0.67def 0.072±0.002hi 161.81±8.28e
    白糖 5.30±0.02c 15.43±0.75h 11.90±0.47de 0.067±0.003hi 177.67±4.91d
    崛督4号 3.93±0.05f 21.47±0.32a 14.29±0.11b 0.750±0.048e 19.10±1.40hij
    细鸡心 3.82±0.01g 18.93±0.35d 11.52±0.51def 0.762±0.020e 15.12±0.97hijk
    白云1号 5.45±0.03b 17.47±0.25e 12.02±0.25d 0.063±0.002hi 192.04±8.74c
    老屋2号 3.99±0.01ef 21.63±0.12a 13.99±0.21bc 0.631±0.027f 22.19±0.99ghi
    后园1号 3.40±0.01j 17.40±0.26e 7.39±1.08j 1.407±0.012a 5.25±0.78l
    金丰 3.80±0.02g 19.87±0.59c 14.27±0.46b 0.738±0.012e 19.33±0.45hij
    揭阳无核 3.99±0.02ef 21.67±0.12a 15.90±0.33a 0.548±0.031g 29.04±1.46g
    水西鸡心 3.94±0.01f 21.00±0.82ab 14.56±0.12b 0.854±0.016d 17.05±0.18hijk
    潮州2号 3.55±0.01hi 15.80±0.61gh 10.01±0.75gh 1.017±0.055c 9.84±0.49jkl
    凤梢5号 5.29±0.01cd 17.20±0.10e 13.19±0.36c 0.044±0.001i 299.94±11.11a
    番禺1号 5.95±0.03a 16.50±0.10fg 13.19±0.78c 0.056±0.001hi 234.11±11.54b
    龙门5号 3.61±0.04h 15.87±0.25fgh 9.55±0.31hi 1.215±0.023b 7.55±0.72kl
    江门2号 3.59±0.02h 14.27±0.31i 8.97±0.19i 1.215±0.063b 7.71±0.07kl
    广杂3号 4.06±0.02e 20.53±0.47b 13.81±0.29bc 0.568±0.015g 24.33±0.17gh
    注:数据为3次重复的平均值和标准差, 同列数据后不同小写字母表示差异显著(P<0.05), 表 3同.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  黄皮果汁的抗坏血酸、总黄酮、总多酚的质量浓度与抗氧化活性的相关性分析

    Table  3.   The correlation analysis of the antioxidant activities and the contents of ascorbate, total flavonoids and total phenolics in wampee fruit juice

    抗氧化能力 ρ(抗坏血酸) ρ(总黄酮) ρ(总多酚) DPPH自由基清除能力
    DPPH自由基清除能力 0.969** 0.898** 0.951**
    FRAP抗氧化能力 0.962** 0.938** 0.978** 0.975**
    注:**表示差异具有统计学意义(P<0.01)
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同品种黄皮果汁的抗氧化物质质量浓度及抗氧化活性

    Table  2.   The antioxidant contents and antioxidant activities of fruit juice in different wampee cultivars

    品种 ρ(抗坏血酸)/(mg·L-1) ρ(总黄酮)/(mg·L-1) ρ(总多酚)/(mg·L-1) DPPH自由基清除能力/(mg·L-1) FRAP抗氧化能力/(mg·L-1)
    郁南无核 1 436.2±27.9f 150.7±10.7fg 2 593.3±98.2d 886.5±157.0cd 688.9±54.0gh
    果选1号 1 365.6±24.8f 277.6±20.5e 2 162.2±297.6e 889.0±24.0cd 745.1±62.8gh
    金鸡心 1 161.7±38.3g 176.1±3.8f 2 095.6±110.0e 717.7±33.2ef 665.3±7.9hi
    冰糖 391.4±41.7i 96.0±4.1hi 651.1±44.4h 171.3±20.8h 180.6±76.7k
    从甜1号 451.7±17.9i 11.6±3.4j 755.6±79.5h 169.0±27.8h 145.1±30.1kl
    白糖 466.8±35.1i 11.8±5.0j 688.9±31.5h 184.9±5.1h 86.8±13.9l
    崛督4号 2 234.3±122.3ab 332.2±11.7d 3 882.2±466.2b 1 196.4±72.8a 1 279.9±63.1c
    细鸡心 1 992.4±8.2cd 298.2±13.0e 3 466.7±163.7c 1 203.7±10.1a 1 218.8±92.3c
    白云1号 421.6±53.9i 75.3±26.5i 1 157.8±111.8g 179.4±35.3h 183.3±25.6k
    老屋2号 2 276.4±15.5a 479.1±18.3a 4 651.1±234.2a 1 149.5±7.0ab 1 366.7±21.1b
    后园1号 1 622.7±136.4e 272.8±46.0e 2 615.6±219.5d 955.4±100.9c 876.4±18.7e
    金丰 1 380.7±48.3f 143.8±15.0g 2 657.8±30.1d 799.9±131.2de 770.8±65.6fg
    揭阳无核 2 140.7±108.9ab 440.2±33.7b 4 673.3±213.0a 1 243.8±19.2a 1 523.6±15.8a
    水西鸡心 2 102.6±68.3bc 276.9±3.9e 3 562.2±88.8c 1 073.0±65.9b 994.4±70.9d
    潮州2号 1 329.1±219.6f 107.6±7.1h 1 728.9±263.5f 620.0±31.5fg 592.4±35.3ij
    凤梢5号 669.9±43.3h 19.6±5.0j 697.8±23.4h 163.8±12.6h 103.5±1.2kl
    番禺1号 446.2±9.6i 23.8±3.8j 551.1±46.8h 176.1±23.1h 144.4±15.8kl
    龙门5号 1 100.7±55.6g 95.6±5.1hi 1 944.4±95.8ef 606.1±25.1g 525.0±19.9j
    江门2号 1 076.1±23.0g 114.9±7.7h 2 171.1±67.1e 820.1±57.8de 838.2±75.8ef
    广杂3号 1 954.3±87.4d 392.9±14.4c 3 335.6±92.0c 1 169.6±47.6ab 1 213.9±14.6c
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2019-08-24
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