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沉积型含油污泥微生物燃料电池的性能

王鹏华 唐善法 郭海莹 黄春峰 李甲亮

王鹏华, 唐善法, 郭海莹, 黄春峰, 李甲亮. 沉积型含油污泥微生物燃料电池的性能[J]. 华南师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2020, 52(1): 23-29. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2019121
引用本文: 王鹏华, 唐善法, 郭海莹, 黄春峰, 李甲亮. 沉积型含油污泥微生物燃料电池的性能[J]. 华南师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2020, 52(1): 23-29. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2019121
WANG Penghua, TANG Shanfa, GUO Haiying, HUANG Chunfeng, LI Jialiang. The Performance of Sediment Microbial Fuel Cell Based on Oily Sludge[J]. Journal of South China normal University (Natural Science Edition), 2020, 52(1): 23-29. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2019121
Citation: WANG Penghua, TANG Shanfa, GUO Haiying, HUANG Chunfeng, LI Jialiang. The Performance of Sediment Microbial Fuel Cell Based on Oily Sludge[J]. Journal of South China normal University (Natural Science Edition), 2020, 52(1): 23-29. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2019121

沉积型含油污泥微生物燃料电池的性能

doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2019121
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 51474035

国家重点实验室开放课题项目 PPC2017005

详细信息
    通讯作者:

    唐善法,教授,Email:tangsf2005@126.com

  • 中图分类号: TM911; X741; S216.3

The Performance of Sediment Microbial Fuel Cell Based on Oily Sludge

  • 摘要: 以含油污泥为阳极底物构筑了沉积型微生物燃料电池(SMFC),通过检测输出电压、功率密度、表观内阻和原油去除效果等性能指标,分别考察了阳极填料、电极面积、pH对SMFC的性能影响.结果表明:相比活性炭填料,碳毡填料使SMFC发电性能更优且原油去除率提高了8.03%;增加电极面积,SMFC内阻减小、发电性能和原油去除率得到提升;酸性或碱性阳极底物不利于SMFC发电和降解油污,而阳极底物的pH=7.5时,SMFC的发电及油污降解性能最佳,输出电压和原油去除率分别达373.7 mV、45.36%.
  • 图  1  SMFC装置示意图

    1:电脑; 2:数据采集器; 3:外接电阻; 4:阴极; 5:阳极

    Figure  1.  The diagram of the SMFC device

    图  2  不同填料SMFC的电压-时间、极化和功率密度曲线

    Figure  2.  The voltage-time, polarization and power density curves of SMFC with different fillers

    图  3  不同电极面积SMFC的电压-时间曲线

    Figure  3.  The voltage-time curves of SMFC with different electrode areas

    图  4  不同电极面积SMFC的功率密度曲线和极化曲线

    Figure  4.  The power density curve and polarization curve of SMFC with different electrode areas

    图  5  阳极液中不同初始pH下SMFC的电压-时间曲线

    Figure  5.  The voltage-time curves of SMFC at different initial pH values of anolyte

    图  6  阳极液中不同pH下SMFC的功率密度和极化曲线

    Figure  6.  The power density curve and polarization curve of SMFC with different pH values in anolyte

    表  1  不同填料对阳极底物原油的吸附去除效果

    Table  1.   The adsorption and removal of crude oil from anode substrate with different fillers  %

    填料 w0 wt Rd
    碳毡 44.37 43.57 1.80
    活性炭 44.53 43.99 1.21
    注:表中w0为底物添加填料前的含油质量分数; wt为底物添加填料后的含油质量分数; Rd为原油去除率.下表同.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同填料对阳极底物原油的降解去除效果

    Table  2.   The petroleum degradation of crude oil from anode substrates with different fillers  %

    填料 w0 wt Rd
    碳毡 44.91 36.56 18.59
    活性炭 44.60 39.89 10.56
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  不同电极面积SMFC阳极底物的原油降解情况

    Table  3.   The petroleum degradation of SMFC anode substrates with different electrode areas %

    电极表面积/cm2 w0 wt Rd
    75.40 30.93 24.14 21.95
    125.66 30.67 21.95 28.43
    188.50 30.21 19.80 34.46
    263.89 30.35 19.65 35.26
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  阳极液初始pH对SMFC阳极底物原油去除率的影响

    Table  4.   The effect of initial pH of anolyte on oil removal rate of SMFC sludge %

    阳极液初始pH w0 wt Rd
    6.5 40.71 25.76 36.72
    7.5 40.83 22.31 45.36
    8.5 40.52 23.06 43.09
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2019-09-05
  • 刊出日期:  2020-02-25

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