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变形球囊霉(Glomus versiforme)和钢渣复合处理对玉米生长和积累镉/铅的影响

卓逢 张小凤 颜廷秀 胡尊河 黄丹 靖元孝

卓逢, 张小凤, 颜廷秀, 胡尊河, 黄丹, 靖元孝. 变形球囊霉(Glomus versiforme)和钢渣复合处理对玉米生长和积累镉/铅的影响[J]. 华南师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2019, 51(5): 75-83. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2019087
引用本文: 卓逢, 张小凤, 颜廷秀, 胡尊河, 黄丹, 靖元孝. 变形球囊霉(Glomus versiforme)和钢渣复合处理对玉米生长和积累镉/铅的影响[J]. 华南师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2019, 51(5): 75-83. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2019087
ZHUO Feng, ZHANG Xiaofeng, YAN Tingxiu, HU Zunhe, HUANG Dan, JING Yuanxiao. The Effects of Combined Use of Glomus versiforme and Steel Slag on the Growth and Cd/Pb Accumulation of Zea mays[J]. Journal of South China normal University (Natural Science Edition), 2019, 51(5): 75-83. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2019087
Citation: ZHUO Feng, ZHANG Xiaofeng, YAN Tingxiu, HU Zunhe, HUANG Dan, JING Yuanxiao. The Effects of Combined Use of Glomus versiforme and Steel Slag on the Growth and Cd/Pb Accumulation of Zea mays[J]. Journal of South China normal University (Natural Science Edition), 2019, 51(5): 75-83. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2019087

变形球囊霉(Glomus versiforme)和钢渣复合处理对玉米生长和积累镉/铅的影响

doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2019087
基金项目: 

广东省自然科学基金项目 2015A030313371

广州市科技计划项目 201510010056

详细信息
    通讯作者:

    靖元孝,教授,Email:jingyx@scnu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: X53

The Effects of Combined Use of Glomus versiforme and Steel Slag on the Growth and Cd/Pb Accumulation of Zea mays

  • 摘要: 通过盆栽实验,研究变形球囊霉(Glomus versiforme)和钢渣单独或者联合处理对玉米甜丰6号生长和Cd/Pb积累的影响.实验土壤设3个重金属水平:1 mg/kg Cd和75 mg/kg Pb、2 mg/kg Cd和150 mg/kg Pb、4 mg/kg Cd和300 mg/kg Pb.实验处理包括:未接种变形球囊霉/未添加钢渣(CK)、接种变形球囊霉(Gv)、添加钢渣(SS)、变形球囊霉和钢渣联合应用(Gv+SS).研究结果表明:Gv对土壤pH和土壤DTPA-Cd/Pb的质量分数没有影响,但SS和Gv+SS均显著增加了土壤pH和易提取球囊霉素、总提取球囊霉素的质量分数,并降低土壤DTPA-Cd/Pb的质量分数. Gv和SS的单独和联合使用均显著提高了玉米的生物量和P的质量分数,并且联合使用的促生效果最佳. Gv显著提高了玉米地上部分Cd/Pb的质量分数,但SS和Gv+SS显著降低了玉米地上部和根部Cd/Pb的质量分数,并且Gv+SS降低玉米Cd/Pb积累的作用更好.综上所述,Gv+SS复合处理提高了土壤pH和土壤总提取球囊霉素的质量分数,降低土壤DTPA-Cd/Pb的质量分数,从而促进了玉米的生长,降低了玉米地上部和根部Cd/Pb的积累.
  • 图  1  G.versiforme和SS对玉米根部侵染率的影响

    注:图中数据为平均值±标准差,n=5;不同的字母表示差异具有统计学意义(P < 0.05),下图同.

    Figure  1.  The influence of G.versiforme and steel slag on mycorrhizal colonization of Z. mays

    图  2  G.versiforme和钢渣对玉米生物量的影响

    Figure  2.  The influence of G.versiforme and steel slag on the biomass of Z. mays.

    图  3  G.versiforme和钢渣对玉米P的质量分数的影响

    Figure  3.  The influence of G.versiforme and steel slag on P concentration of Z. mays

    图  4  Gv和钢渣对玉米Cd、Pb的质量分数的影响

    Figure  4.  The influence of Gv and steel slag on Cd/Pb concentration of Z. mays

    图  5  G.versiforme和钢渣对土壤pH的影响

    Figure  5.  The influence of Gv and SS on soil pH

    图  6  G.versiforme和钢渣对土壤球囊霉素质量分数的影响

    Figure  6.  The influence of G.versiforme and steel slag on GRSP concentration of soil

    图  7  G.versiforme和钢渣对土壤DTPA-Cd/Pb质量分数的影响

    Figure  7.  The influence of G.versiforme and steel slag on DTPA-Cd/Pb concentration of soil

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  • 收稿日期:  2018-09-01
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