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句法视角下城市道路交通的预测研究——以广州市人民路高架桥拆除问题为例

陶伟 古恒宇 张良 沈美程 黄梦真

陶伟, 古恒宇, 张良, 沈美程, 黄梦真. 句法视角下城市道路交通的预测研究——以广州市人民路高架桥拆除问题为例[J]. 华南师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2017, 49(1): 80-86. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2017062
引用本文: 陶伟, 古恒宇, 张良, 沈美程, 黄梦真. 句法视角下城市道路交通的预测研究——以广州市人民路高架桥拆除问题为例[J]. 华南师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2017, 49(1): 80-86. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2017062
TAO W, GU H Y, ZHANG L, SHEN M C, HUANG M Z. Study on the Prediction of Urban Road Traffic from the Perspective of Syntax:A Case study on Renmin Viaduct Demolition in GuangZhou[J]. Journal of South China normal University (Natural Science Edition), 2017, 49(1): 80-86. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2017062
Citation: TAO W, GU H Y, ZHANG L, SHEN M C, HUANG M Z. Study on the Prediction of Urban Road Traffic from the Perspective of Syntax:A Case study on Renmin Viaduct Demolition in GuangZhou[J]. Journal of South China normal University (Natural Science Edition), 2017, 49(1): 80-86. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2017062

句法视角下城市道路交通的预测研究——以广州市人民路高架桥拆除问题为例

doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2017062
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目

详细信息
    通讯作者:

    陶伟

Study on the Prediction of Urban Road Traffic from the Perspective of Syntax:A Case study on Renmin Viaduct Demolition in GuangZhou

  • 摘要: 基于空间句法理论中较前沿的NAchoice算法,着眼于我国第一座城市高架桥广州市人民路高架桥拆除问题进行案例分析,为空间句法在中国城市交通预测中的应用提供实证,探寻一种较好拟合实际交通流的预测模型,为路网优化提供参考依据. 论证分析从广州人民南路段交通堵塞原因、拆桥与否对桥下路段车流的影响、人民路段周边主干道交通疏导能力评估等3个方面展开,研究发现:(1)车流量偏大是人民南路段交通堵塞问题频发的原因之一;(2)高架桥的拆除会小幅增加桥底路段车流,但不一定会造成车流量的叠加式剧增;(3)人民路段及其周围主干道分流能力受到质疑,建议等到有较强疏导能力路段建成后,再拆除人民路高架桥;(4)空间句法NAchoice模型与广州市交通流数据具有较好拟合程度,运用该模型进行城市道路交通预测具有可行性.
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    (Bai Yongping, Chen Bowen, Wu Changyan. Spatial Accessibility of Road Network in Guanzhong-Tianshui Economic Region [J]. Progress in Geography, 2012, 31(6): 724-732. )
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    (Chen Mingxing, Shen Fei, Cha Liangsong et al. A Research on Urban Traffic Network Based on Space Syntax: A Case Study on Wuhu City [J]. Geography and Geo-Information Science, 2005, 21(2): 39-42. )
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    (Cheng Changxiu, Zhang Wenchang, Chenjie et al. Evaluating the Accessibility about Beijing’s Subways in 2008 Based on Spatial Syntax [J]. Geo-Information Science, 2007, 9(6): 31-35. )
    [8].丁栋, 朱云龙, 库涛 等. 基于影响模型的短时交通流预测方法[J]. 计算机工程, 2012, 38(10): 164-167.
    (Ding Dong, Zhu Yunlong, Ku Tao et al. Short-term Traffic Flow Forecasting Method Based on Influence Model [J]. Computer Engineering , 2012, 38(10): 164-167.)
    [9].樊娜, 赵祥模, 戴明. 短时交通流预测模型[J]. 交通运输工程学报, 2012, 12(4): 114-119.
    (Fan Na, Zhao Xiangmo, Dai Ming. Short-term traffic flow prediction model [J]. Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering, 2012, 12(4): 114-119. )
    [10].樊文平, 石忆邵, 车建仁 等. 基于 GIS 与空间句法的道路网结构对城市商业中心布局的影响[J]. 中山大学学报: 自然科学版, 2011, 50(3): 112-117.
    (Fan Wenping, Shi Yishao, Che Jianren et al. Influence of Urban Street Configuration on the Location of Urban Commercial Center Based on GIS and Space Syntax [J]. Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Sunytatseni, 2011, 50(3): 112-117. )
    [11].傅搏峰, 吴娇蓉, 陈小鸿. 空间句法及其在城市交通研究领域的应用[J]. 国际城市规划, 2009, 24(1): 79-83.
    (Fu Bofeng, Wu Jiaorong, Chen Xiaohong. Research on Space Syntax Application Within the City Transportation Area [J]. Urban Planning International, 2009, 24(1): 79-83. )
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    (Hillier B. Space is the Machine: A Configurational Theory of Architecture. 3rd ed. Yang Tao, Wang Xiaojing, Zhang Ji trans [M]. Beijing: China Architecture & Building Press, 2008. )
    [14].Hillier B, Penn A, Hanson J. Natural movement-or, configuration and attraction in urban pedestrian movement [J]. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 1993, 20(1): 29-66.
    [15].Hillier B, Iida S. Network and psychological effects in urban movement [C]//Spatial information theory. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2005: 475-490.
    [16].Hillier W R G, Yang T, Turner A. Normalising least angle choice in Depthmap-and how it opens up new perspectives on the global and local analysis of city space [J]. Journal of Space Syntax, 2012, 3(2): 155-193.
    [17].黄天颖. 与更新并行的保护——浅析人民南路历史文化街区保护规划[J]. 广州建筑, 2011, 39(4): 15-18.
    (Huang Tianying. Protection of the Parallel With Update ——Concise Analysis the Renmin South Road’s Historical Culture Blocks and Protection Plan [J]. Guangzhou Architecture, 2011, 39(4): 15-18. )
    [18].http:||www.upo.gov.cn/pages/zt/ghl/lswhmcbhgh/index.htm.
    [19].Jiang B, Claramunt C. Topological analysis of urban street networks [J]. Environment and Planning B, 2004, 31(1): 151-162.
    [20].Jiang B, Claramunt C. A structural approach to the model generalization of an urban street network [J]. GeoInformatica, 2004, 8(2): 157-171.
    [21].Jiang B, Liu C. Street‐based topological representations and analyses for predicting traffic flow in GIS [J]. International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 2009, 23(9): 1119-1137.
    [22].蒋永红, 余天庆, 范瑛. 城市高架桥的弊端及防治对策[J]. 湖北工业大学学报, 2006, 21(2): 90-92.
    (Jiang Yonghong, Yu Tianqing, Fan Ying. A Study on Negative Influence of Urban Viaduct and Its Countermeasures. Journal of Hubei University of Technology [J], 2006, 21(2): 90-92. )
    [23].刘静, 关伟. 交通流预测方法综述[J]. 公路交通科技, 2004, 21(3): 82-85.
    (Liu Jing, Guan Wei. A Summary of Traffic Flow Forecasting Methods [J]. Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development, 2004, 21(3): 82-85. )
    [24].刘慕仁, 薛郁, 孔令江. 城市道路交通问题与交通流模型[J]. 力学与实践, 2005, 27(1): 1-6.
    (Liu Muren, Xue Yu, Kong Lingjiang. Urban Highway Traffic and Traffic Flow Models [J]. Mechanics In Engineering, 2005, 27(1): 1-6. )
    [25].陆海亭, 张宁, 黄卫 等. 短时交通流预测方法研究进展[J]. 交通运输工程与信息学报, 2009, 7(4): 84-91.
    (Lu Haiting, Zhang Ning, Huang Wei et al. Research Progress of Short Term Traffic Flow Prediction Methods [J]. Journal of Transportation Engineering and Information, 2009, 7(4): 84-91. )
    [26].斯蒂芬·马歇尔. 苑思楠 译. 街道与形态[D]. 北京:中国建筑工业出版社, 2011.
    (Marshall S. Streets and patterns. Yuan Sinan trans [D]. Beijing: China Architecture & Building Press, 2011. )
    [27].梅志雄, 徐颂军, 欧阳军. 珠三角公路通达性演化及其对城市潜力的影响[J]. 地理科学, 2013, 33(5): 513-520.
    (Mei Zhixiong, Xu Songjun, Ouyang Jun. Road Network Accessibility and Its Influence on City Potential in Zhujiang River Delta [J]. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 2013, 33(5): 513-520.)
    [28].史其信, 郑为中. 智能交通系统 (ITS) 共用信息平台构架及解决方案初步分析[J]. 交通运输工程与信息学报, 2003, 1(1): 41-47.
    (Shi Qixin, Zheng Weizhong. Architecture Analysis of Common Information Platform for Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) and Its Construction Means [J]. Journal of Transportation Engineering and Information, 2003, 1(1): 41-47. )
    [29].Turner A. Angular analysis [C]//Proceedings of the 3rd international symposium on space syntax. 2001: 30.1-30.11.
    [30].徐晓燕, 曲静, 叶鹏. 基于空间句法的住区配套商业设施可达性研究. 规划师, 2012, 28(z2): 244-248.
    (Xu Xiaoyan, Qu Jing, Ye Peng. Based On The Space Syntax Accessibility Empirical Research Of Urban Residential Supporting Business Facilities. Planners, 2012, 28(z2): 244-248.)
    [31].杨绮文, 李鸣正, 杨晓川 等. 城市更新下的场所文脉营造——以广州人民南改造项目为例[J]. 城市建筑, 2011 (9): 112-115.
    (Yang Qiwen, Li Mingzheng, Yang Xiaochuan et al. Construct the Context of Place in Urban Renewal: Project of Reform Renminnan in Guangzhou as an Example [J]. Urbanism and Architecture, 2011 (9): 112-115. )
    [32].杨滔. 数字城市与空间句法: 一种数字化规划设计途径[J]. 规划师, 2012, 28(4): 24-29.
    Yang Tao. Digital City And Space Syntax: A Digital Planning Approach [J]. Planners, 2012, 28(4): 24-29. (in Chinese)
    [33].袁健, 范炳全. 交通流短时预测研究进展[J]. 城市交通, 2012, 10(6): 73-79.
    (Yuan Jian, Fan Bingquan. Synthesis of Short-Term Traffic Flow Forecasting Research Progress [J]. Urban Transport of China, 2012, 10(6): 73-79. )

    [1].Bafna S. Space syntax: A brief introduction to its logic and analytical techniques [J]. Environment and Behavior, 2003, 35(1):17-29.
    [2].白永平, 陈博文, 吴常艳. 关中—天水经济区路网空间通达性分析[J]. 地理科学进展, 2012, 31(6): 724-732.
    (Bai Yongping, Chen Bowen, Wu Changyan. Spatial Accessibility of Road Network in Guanzhong-Tianshui Economic Region [J]. Progress in Geography, 2012, 31(6): 724-732. )
    [3].曹凤琦. 城市高架桥建设对环境的影响[J]. 江苏环境科技, 1999, 12(3): 21-24.
    (Cao Fengqi. Impact of City Viaduct Construction To Environment [J]. Jiangsu Environment Science and Technology, 1999, 12(3): 21-24. )
    [4].Cetin M, Comert G. Short-Term Traffic Flow Prediction with Regime Switching Models [J]. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2006,1965(1): 23–31.
    [5].陈宜开. 城市路网交通流分析研究[D]. 上海交通大学, 2008.
    (Chen Yikai. Traffic Flow Analysis of Urban Road Network [D]. Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 2008. )
    [6].陈明星, 沈非, 查良松 等. 基于空间句法的城市交通网络特征研究——以安徽省芜湖市为例[J]. 地理与地理信息科学, 2005, 21(2): 39-42.
    (Chen Mingxing, Shen Fei, Cha Liangsong et al. A Research on Urban Traffic Network Based on Space Syntax: A Case Study on Wuhu City [J]. Geography and Geo-Information Science, 2005, 21(2): 39-42. )
    [7].程昌秀, 张文尝, 陈洁 等. 基于空间句法的地铁可达性评价分析——以2008年北京地铁规划图为例[J]. 地球信息科学, 2007, 9(6): 31-35.
    (Cheng Changxiu, Zhang Wenchang, Chenjie et al. Evaluating the Accessibility about Beijing’s Subways in 2008 Based on Spatial Syntax [J]. Geo-Information Science, 2007, 9(6): 31-35. )
    [8].丁栋, 朱云龙, 库涛 等. 基于影响模型的短时交通流预测方法[J]. 计算机工程, 2012, 38(10): 164-167.
    (Ding Dong, Zhu Yunlong, Ku Tao et al. Short-term Traffic Flow Forecasting Method Based on Influence Model [J]. Computer Engineering , 2012, 38(10): 164-167.)
    [9].樊娜, 赵祥模, 戴明. 短时交通流预测模型[J]. 交通运输工程学报, 2012, 12(4): 114-119.
    (Fan Na, Zhao Xiangmo, Dai Ming. Short-term traffic flow prediction model [J]. Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering, 2012, 12(4): 114-119. )
    [10].樊文平, 石忆邵, 车建仁 等. 基于 GIS 与空间句法的道路网结构对城市商业中心布局的影响[J]. 中山大学学报: 自然科学版, 2011, 50(3): 112-117.
    (Fan Wenping, Shi Yishao, Che Jianren et al. Influence of Urban Street Configuration on the Location of Urban Commercial Center Based on GIS and Space Syntax [J]. Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Sunytatseni, 2011, 50(3): 112-117. )
    [11].傅搏峰, 吴娇蓉, 陈小鸿. 空间句法及其在城市交通研究领域的应用[J]. 国际城市规划, 2009, 24(1): 79-83.
    (Fu Bofeng, Wu Jiaorong, Chen Xiaohong. Research on Space Syntax Application Within the City Transportation Area [J]. Urban Planning International, 2009, 24(1): 79-83. )
    [12].《广州市历史文化名城保护规划》(草案)[EB/OL].[2012-01].http://www.upo.gov.cn/pages/zt/ghl/lswhmcbhgh/index.htm
    [13].比尔·希列尔. 杨滔, 王晓京, 张佶译. 空间是机器: 建筑组构理论[M]. 北京: 中国建筑工业出版社, 2008.
    (Hillier B. Space is the Machine: A Configurational Theory of Architecture. 3rd ed. Yang Tao, Wang Xiaojing, Zhang Ji trans [M]. Beijing: China Architecture & Building Press, 2008. )
    [14].Hillier B, Penn A, Hanson J. Natural movement-or, configuration and attraction in urban pedestrian movement [J]. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 1993, 20(1): 29-66.
    [15].Hillier B, Iida S. Network and psychological effects in urban movement [C]//Spatial information theory. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2005: 475-490.
    [16].Hillier W R G, Yang T, Turner A. Normalising least angle choice in Depthmap-and how it opens up new perspectives on the global and local analysis of city space [J]. Journal of Space Syntax, 2012, 3(2): 155-193.
    [17].黄天颖. 与更新并行的保护——浅析人民南路历史文化街区保护规划[J]. 广州建筑, 2011, 39(4): 15-18.
    (Huang Tianying. Protection of the Parallel With Update ——Concise Analysis the Renmin South Road’s Historical Culture Blocks and Protection Plan [J]. Guangzhou Architecture, 2011, 39(4): 15-18. )
    [18].http:||www.upo.gov.cn/pages/zt/ghl/lswhmcbhgh/index.htm.
    [19].Jiang B, Claramunt C. Topological analysis of urban street networks [J]. Environment and Planning B, 2004, 31(1): 151-162.
    [20].Jiang B, Claramunt C. A structural approach to the model generalization of an urban street network [J]. GeoInformatica, 2004, 8(2): 157-171.
    [21].Jiang B, Liu C. Street‐based topological representations and analyses for predicting traffic flow in GIS [J]. International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 2009, 23(9): 1119-1137.
    [22].蒋永红, 余天庆, 范瑛. 城市高架桥的弊端及防治对策[J]. 湖北工业大学学报, 2006, 21(2): 90-92.
    (Jiang Yonghong, Yu Tianqing, Fan Ying. A Study on Negative Influence of Urban Viaduct and Its Countermeasures. Journal of Hubei University of Technology [J], 2006, 21(2): 90-92. )
    [23].刘静, 关伟. 交通流预测方法综述[J]. 公路交通科技, 2004, 21(3): 82-85.
    (Liu Jing, Guan Wei. A Summary of Traffic Flow Forecasting Methods [J]. Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development, 2004, 21(3): 82-85. )
    [24].刘慕仁, 薛郁, 孔令江. 城市道路交通问题与交通流模型[J]. 力学与实践, 2005, 27(1): 1-6.
    (Liu Muren, Xue Yu, Kong Lingjiang. Urban Highway Traffic and Traffic Flow Models [J]. Mechanics In Engineering, 2005, 27(1): 1-6. )
    [25].陆海亭, 张宁, 黄卫 等. 短时交通流预测方法研究进展[J]. 交通运输工程与信息学报, 2009, 7(4): 84-91.
    (Lu Haiting, Zhang Ning, Huang Wei et al. Research Progress of Short Term Traffic Flow Prediction Methods [J]. Journal of Transportation Engineering and Information, 2009, 7(4): 84-91. )
    [26].斯蒂芬·马歇尔. 苑思楠 译. 街道与形态[D]. 北京:中国建筑工业出版社, 2011.
    (Marshall S. Streets and patterns. Yuan Sinan trans [D]. Beijing: China Architecture & Building Press, 2011. )
    [27].梅志雄, 徐颂军, 欧阳军. 珠三角公路通达性演化及其对城市潜力的影响[J]. 地理科学, 2013, 33(5): 513-520.
    (Mei Zhixiong, Xu Songjun, Ouyang Jun. Road Network Accessibility and Its Influence on City Potential in Zhujiang River Delta [J]. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 2013, 33(5): 513-520.)
    [28].史其信, 郑为中. 智能交通系统 (ITS) 共用信息平台构架及解决方案初步分析[J]. 交通运输工程与信息学报, 2003, 1(1): 41-47.
    (Shi Qixin, Zheng Weizhong. Architecture Analysis of Common Information Platform for Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) and Its Construction Means [J]. Journal of Transportation Engineering and Information, 2003, 1(1): 41-47. )
    [29].Turner A. Angular analysis [C]//Proceedings of the 3rd international symposium on space syntax. 2001: 30.1-30.11.
    [30].徐晓燕, 曲静, 叶鹏. 基于空间句法的住区配套商业设施可达性研究. 规划师, 2012, 28(z2): 244-248.
    (Xu Xiaoyan, Qu Jing, Ye Peng. Based On The Space Syntax Accessibility Empirical Research Of Urban Residential Supporting Business Facilities. Planners, 2012, 28(z2): 244-248.)
    [31].杨绮文, 李鸣正, 杨晓川 等. 城市更新下的场所文脉营造——以广州人民南改造项目为例[J]. 城市建筑, 2011 (9): 112-115.
    (Yang Qiwen, Li Mingzheng, Yang Xiaochuan et al. Construct the Context of Place in Urban Renewal: Project of Reform Renminnan in Guangzhou as an Example [J]. Urbanism and Architecture, 2011 (9): 112-115. )
    [32].杨滔. 数字城市与空间句法: 一种数字化规划设计途径[J]. 规划师, 2012, 28(4): 24-29.
    Yang Tao. Digital City And Space Syntax: A Digital Planning Approach [J]. Planners, 2012, 28(4): 24-29. (in Chinese)
    [33].袁健, 范炳全. 交通流短时预测研究进展[J]. 城市交通, 2012, 10(6): 73-79.
    (Yuan Jian, Fan Bingquan. Synthesis of Short-Term Traffic Flow Forecasting Research Progress [J]. Urban Transport of China, 2012, 10(6): 73-79. )
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  • 收稿日期:  2015-09-29
  • 修回日期:  2015-11-26
  • 刊出日期:  2017-02-25

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