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基于Voronoi图的城市体系空间结构及吸引范围——以广东省为例

曾舜英 陈忠暖

曾舜英, 陈忠暖. 基于Voronoi图的城市体系空间结构及吸引范围——以广东省为例[J]. 华南师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2017, 49(1): 87-94. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2017061
引用本文: 曾舜英, 陈忠暖. 基于Voronoi图的城市体系空间结构及吸引范围——以广东省为例[J]. 华南师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2017, 49(1): 87-94. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2017061
ZENG Y Y, CHEN Z N. Study on Urban System Spatial Structure and Attractive Scope by Voronoi way:A Case of Guangdong Province[J]. Journal of South China normal University (Natural Science Edition), 2017, 49(1): 87-94. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2017061
Citation: ZENG Y Y, CHEN Z N. Study on Urban System Spatial Structure and Attractive Scope by Voronoi way:A Case of Guangdong Province[J]. Journal of South China normal University (Natural Science Edition), 2017, 49(1): 87-94. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2017061

基于Voronoi图的城市体系空间结构及吸引范围——以广东省为例

doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2017061
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目

详细信息
    通讯作者:

    陈忠暖

Study on Urban System Spatial Structure and Attractive Scope by Voronoi way:A Case of Guangdong Province

  • 摘要: 城市体系空间结构是城镇化的基本载体,构建科学合理的城市体系空间结构是推进新型城镇化的重要内容. 为准确把握广东省的城市体系空间结构特征,使用Voronoi图空间组织方法和加权Voronoi图空间分割方法,以城市综合实力为质量属性,统合考察城市的地理区位和空间关系,对广东省县级以上城市的城市体系空间结构及吸引范围进行研究,得出以下结论:(1)广东省城市发展空间极化现象明显,城市综合发展水平存在较大差距;(2)在城市体系空间结构上,广东省形成了全域性中心城市区域性中心城市地方性中心城市一般性城市4个层级的城市体系空间结构;(3)从城市吸引范围分析,广东省部分城市存在同城化发展现象,其中广佛和潮汕同城趋势明显;(4)广东省城市的综合实力与其空间结构等级间存在明显的错位现象,因此应该进一步明确实力强等级低的城市的区域定位和职能定位,同时加快综合实力较弱的中心城市的发展,缩小发展差距,实现区域协调.
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    Song J T, Gu C L. Theory and methodology of urban system planning[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences,1988,43(2):97-106.
    [2] 鲍超, 陈小杰. 中国城市体系的空间格局研究评述与展望[J]. 地理科学进展,2014,33(10):1300-1311.
    Bao C, Chen X J. Review and prospect of research on the spatial pattern of China's urban system[J]. Progress in Geography,2014,33(10):1300-1311.
    [3] 杨永春. 西方城市空间结构研究的理论进展[J]. 地域研究与开发,2003,22(4):1-5.
    Yang Y C. The Theory Research Progress in Urban Spatial Structure in the Western Countries[J]. Areal Research and Development,2003,22(4):1-5
    [4] 顾朝林, 庞海峰. 基于重力模型的中国城市体系空间联系与层域划分[J]. 地理研究,2008,27(1):1-12. Gu C L, Pang H F. Study on spatial relations of Chinese urban system: Gravity Model Approach[J]. Geographical Research,2008,27(1):1-12.
    [5] Gligor L; Gligor M. The fractal city theory revisited: new empirical evidence from the distribution of Romanian cities and towns[J]. Nonlinear dynamics,psychology,and life sciences,2008,12(1):15-28.
    [6] Alonso W. The Economics of urban size[J]. Papers of the Regional Science Association,1971,26(1):71-83.
    [7] Smith D A, Timberlake M. Conceptualising and Mapping the Structure of the World System's City System[J]. Urban Studies,1995,32(2):287-302.
    [8] Taylor P J. World city network. A global urban analysis[J]. International Social Science Journal,2004,56(181):361–372.
    [9] 于涛方, 吕拉昌, 刘云刚等. 中国城市地理学研究进展与展望[J]. 地理科学进展,2011,30(12):1488-1497.
    Yu T F, Lv L C, Liu Y G, etc. Progress of Urban Geography in China[J]. Progress in Geograhpy, 2011,30(12):1488-1497.
    [10] 阎小培. 近年来我国城市地理学主要研究领域的新进展[J]. 地理学报,1994,(6):533-542.
    Yan X P. New progress in China`s Urban Geography[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 1994,(6):533-542.
    [11] 刘继生, 陈涛. 东北地区城市体系空间结构的分形研究[J]. 地理科学,1995,15(2):136-143.
    Liu J S, Chen T. A practal study on the spatial tructure of systems of towns in northeast China[J]. Scientia Geographica Sinic,1995,15(2):136-143.
    [12] 刘继生, 陈彦光. 城镇体系空间结构的分形维数及其测算方法[J]. 地理研究,1999,18(2):171-177.
    Liu J S, Chen Y G. Fractal dimensions of spatial structure of an urban system and the methods of their determination[J]. Geographical Research,1999,18(2):171-177.
    [13] 刘继生, 陈彦光. 东北地区城市体系分形结构的地理空间图式——对东北地区城市体系空间结构分形的再探讨[J]. 人文地理,2000,15(6):9-16.
    Liu J S, Chen Y G. Researches on the fractional dimensions of the spatial structure of the urban system as fractals in northeast China[J]. Human Geography,2000,15(6):9-16.
    [14] 舒倩, 周国华, 谭卫红. 基于分形理论的城市体系空间结构研究——对比分析长江三角洲、珠江三角洲和东京圈[J]. 热带地理,2005,25(2):103-106.
    Shu Q, Zhou G H, Tan W H. A study on the spatial structure of urban system on the basis of fractal theory——Comparison between the Changjiang delta, the Zhujiang delta and Tokyo M egalopolis[J]. Tropical Geography,2005,25(2):103-106.
    [15] 王新生, 李全, 郭庆胜等. Voronoi图的扩展、生成及其应用于界定城市空间影响范围[J]. 华中师范大学学报:自然科学版,2002,36(1):107-111.
    Wang X S, Li Q, Guo Q S, etc. The generalization and construction of voronoi diagram and its application on delimitating citys affected coverage[J]. Journal of Central China Normal University(Nat.Sci.),2002,36(1):107-111.
    [16] 闫卫阳, 郭庆胜, 李圣权. 基于加权Voronoi图的城市经济区划分方法探讨[J]. 华中师范大学学报:自然科学版,2003,37(4):567-571.
    Yan W Y, Guo Q S, Li S Q. A study on the division of urban economic regions based on weighted Voronoi diagram[J]. Journal of Central China Normal University(Nat.Sci.),2003,37(4):567-571.
    [17] 闫卫阳, 郭庆胜, 李圣权. Delaunay三角网与Voronoi图在划分城市影响空间中的应用研究[J]. 测绘信息与工程,2004,29(3):1-3.
    Yan W Y, Guo Q S, Li S Q. Application of Delaunay triangulation and voronoi diagram to delimitation of urban spatial influenced regions[J]. Journal of Geomatics,2004,29(3):1-3.
    [18] 李圣权,胡鹏,闫卫阳. 基于加权Voronoi图的城市影响范围划分[J]. 武汉大学学报,2004,37(1):94-97. []Li Shengquan, Hu Peng, Yan Weiyang. Delimitation of central cities influenced regions based on weighted-Voronoi diagram[J]. Engineering Journal of Wuhan University,2004,37(1):94-97.
    [19] 顾朝林. 城市实力综合评价方法初探[J]. 区域研究与开发,1992,11(1):5-12.
    Gu C L. The primary study on method of valuation cities` overall sthength[J]. Areal Research and Development,1992,11(1):5-12.
    [20] 王发曾, 张改素, 丁志伟, 等. 中原经济区城市体系空间组织[J]. 地理科学进展,2014, 33(2):153-168.
    Wang F Z, Zhang G S, Ding Z W, etc. Spatial organization of urban system in Central Plains Economic Region[J]. Progress in Geograhpy, 2014, 33(2):153-168.
    [21] 戴旻, 陈国生, 陆利军. 湖南省城市空间影响范围划分与城市经济区问题[J]. 经济地理,2008, 28:430-432.
    Dai M, Chen G S, Lu L J. The characteristics and problems in development of agriculture and rural areas for the areas with a rapid economic development[J]. Economic Geography,2008,28:430-432.
    [22] 冯章献. 东北地区中心地结构与扩散与研究[D]. 长春市. 东北师范大学. 2010.
    Feng X Z. Research on the central place structure and diffusion areas of Northeast China[D]. Changchun. Northeast Normal University. 2010.
    [23] 梅志雄, 徐颂军, 欧阳军. 珠三角城市群城市空间吸引范围界定及其变化[J]. 经济地理,2012,32(12): 47-60.
    Mei Z X, Xu S J, Ouyang J. The delimitation and change of cities space attractive scopes in the Pearl River Delta[J]. Economic Geography,2012,32(12):47-60.

    [1] 宋家泰, 顾朝林. 城镇体系规划的理论与方法初探[J]. 地理学报,1988,43(2):97-106.
    Song J T, Gu C L. Theory and methodology of urban system planning[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences,1988,43(2):97-106.
    [2] 鲍超, 陈小杰. 中国城市体系的空间格局研究评述与展望[J]. 地理科学进展,2014,33(10):1300-1311.
    Bao C, Chen X J. Review and prospect of research on the spatial pattern of China's urban system[J]. Progress in Geography,2014,33(10):1300-1311.
    [3] 杨永春. 西方城市空间结构研究的理论进展[J]. 地域研究与开发,2003,22(4):1-5.
    Yang Y C. The Theory Research Progress in Urban Spatial Structure in the Western Countries[J]. Areal Research and Development,2003,22(4):1-5
    [4] 顾朝林, 庞海峰. 基于重力模型的中国城市体系空间联系与层域划分[J]. 地理研究,2008,27(1):1-12. Gu C L, Pang H F. Study on spatial relations of Chinese urban system: Gravity Model Approach[J]. Geographical Research,2008,27(1):1-12.
    [5] Gligor L; Gligor M. The fractal city theory revisited: new empirical evidence from the distribution of Romanian cities and towns[J]. Nonlinear dynamics,psychology,and life sciences,2008,12(1):15-28.
    [6] Alonso W. The Economics of urban size[J]. Papers of the Regional Science Association,1971,26(1):71-83.
    [7] Smith D A, Timberlake M. Conceptualising and Mapping the Structure of the World System's City System[J]. Urban Studies,1995,32(2):287-302.
    [8] Taylor P J. World city network. A global urban analysis[J]. International Social Science Journal,2004,56(181):361–372.
    [9] 于涛方, 吕拉昌, 刘云刚等. 中国城市地理学研究进展与展望[J]. 地理科学进展,2011,30(12):1488-1497.
    Yu T F, Lv L C, Liu Y G, etc. Progress of Urban Geography in China[J]. Progress in Geograhpy, 2011,30(12):1488-1497.
    [10] 阎小培. 近年来我国城市地理学主要研究领域的新进展[J]. 地理学报,1994,(6):533-542.
    Yan X P. New progress in China`s Urban Geography[J]. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 1994,(6):533-542.
    [11] 刘继生, 陈涛. 东北地区城市体系空间结构的分形研究[J]. 地理科学,1995,15(2):136-143.
    Liu J S, Chen T. A practal study on the spatial tructure of systems of towns in northeast China[J]. Scientia Geographica Sinic,1995,15(2):136-143.
    [12] 刘继生, 陈彦光. 城镇体系空间结构的分形维数及其测算方法[J]. 地理研究,1999,18(2):171-177.
    Liu J S, Chen Y G. Fractal dimensions of spatial structure of an urban system and the methods of their determination[J]. Geographical Research,1999,18(2):171-177.
    [13] 刘继生, 陈彦光. 东北地区城市体系分形结构的地理空间图式——对东北地区城市体系空间结构分形的再探讨[J]. 人文地理,2000,15(6):9-16.
    Liu J S, Chen Y G. Researches on the fractional dimensions of the spatial structure of the urban system as fractals in northeast China[J]. Human Geography,2000,15(6):9-16.
    [14] 舒倩, 周国华, 谭卫红. 基于分形理论的城市体系空间结构研究——对比分析长江三角洲、珠江三角洲和东京圈[J]. 热带地理,2005,25(2):103-106.
    Shu Q, Zhou G H, Tan W H. A study on the spatial structure of urban system on the basis of fractal theory——Comparison between the Changjiang delta, the Zhujiang delta and Tokyo M egalopolis[J]. Tropical Geography,2005,25(2):103-106.
    [15] 王新生, 李全, 郭庆胜等. Voronoi图的扩展、生成及其应用于界定城市空间影响范围[J]. 华中师范大学学报:自然科学版,2002,36(1):107-111.
    Wang X S, Li Q, Guo Q S, etc. The generalization and construction of voronoi diagram and its application on delimitating citys affected coverage[J]. Journal of Central China Normal University(Nat.Sci.),2002,36(1):107-111.
    [16] 闫卫阳, 郭庆胜, 李圣权. 基于加权Voronoi图的城市经济区划分方法探讨[J]. 华中师范大学学报:自然科学版,2003,37(4):567-571.
    Yan W Y, Guo Q S, Li S Q. A study on the division of urban economic regions based on weighted Voronoi diagram[J]. Journal of Central China Normal University(Nat.Sci.),2003,37(4):567-571.
    [17] 闫卫阳, 郭庆胜, 李圣权. Delaunay三角网与Voronoi图在划分城市影响空间中的应用研究[J]. 测绘信息与工程,2004,29(3):1-3.
    Yan W Y, Guo Q S, Li S Q. Application of Delaunay triangulation and voronoi diagram to delimitation of urban spatial influenced regions[J]. Journal of Geomatics,2004,29(3):1-3.
    [18] 李圣权,胡鹏,闫卫阳. 基于加权Voronoi图的城市影响范围划分[J]. 武汉大学学报,2004,37(1):94-97. []Li Shengquan, Hu Peng, Yan Weiyang. Delimitation of central cities influenced regions based on weighted-Voronoi diagram[J]. Engineering Journal of Wuhan University,2004,37(1):94-97.
    [19] 顾朝林. 城市实力综合评价方法初探[J]. 区域研究与开发,1992,11(1):5-12.
    Gu C L. The primary study on method of valuation cities` overall sthength[J]. Areal Research and Development,1992,11(1):5-12.
    [20] 王发曾, 张改素, 丁志伟, 等. 中原经济区城市体系空间组织[J]. 地理科学进展,2014, 33(2):153-168.
    Wang F Z, Zhang G S, Ding Z W, etc. Spatial organization of urban system in Central Plains Economic Region[J]. Progress in Geograhpy, 2014, 33(2):153-168.
    [21] 戴旻, 陈国生, 陆利军. 湖南省城市空间影响范围划分与城市经济区问题[J]. 经济地理,2008, 28:430-432.
    Dai M, Chen G S, Lu L J. The characteristics and problems in development of agriculture and rural areas for the areas with a rapid economic development[J]. Economic Geography,2008,28:430-432.
    [22] 冯章献. 东北地区中心地结构与扩散与研究[D]. 长春市. 东北师范大学. 2010.
    Feng X Z. Research on the central place structure and diffusion areas of Northeast China[D]. Changchun. Northeast Normal University. 2010.
    [23] 梅志雄, 徐颂军, 欧阳军. 珠三角城市群城市空间吸引范围界定及其变化[J]. 经济地理,2012,32(12): 47-60.
    Mei Z X, Xu S J, Ouyang J. The delimitation and change of cities space attractive scopes in the Pearl River Delta[J]. Economic Geography,2012,32(12):47-60.
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  • 收稿日期:  2015-09-18
  • 修回日期:  2016-03-30
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