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鸡内金活性炭对酸碱性染料的吸附

李敏 洪孝挺 吕向红 钟昌成

李敏, 洪孝挺, 吕向红, 钟昌成. 鸡内金活性炭对酸碱性染料的吸附[J]. 华南师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2015, 47(3): 51-0. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2014.12.010
引用本文: 李敏, 洪孝挺, 吕向红, 钟昌成. 鸡内金活性炭对酸碱性染料的吸附[J]. 华南师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2015, 47(3): 51-0. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2014.12.010
Endothelium corneum gigeriae galli Activated Carbon Adsorption for Acidic and Basic Dyes[J]. Journal of South China normal University (Natural Science Edition), 2015, 47(3): 51-0. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2014.12.010
Citation: Endothelium corneum gigeriae galli Activated Carbon Adsorption for Acidic and Basic Dyes[J]. Journal of South China normal University (Natural Science Edition), 2015, 47(3): 51-0. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2014.12.010

鸡内金活性炭对酸碱性染料的吸附

doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2014.12.010
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金青年基金

详细信息
    通讯作者:

    洪孝挺

  • 中图分类号: X592

Endothelium corneum gigeriae galli Activated Carbon Adsorption for Acidic and Basic Dyes

  • 摘要: 本文以鸡内金(ECGG)为原料,先用450 ℃高温炭化,后添加KOH作为活化剂,分别选取800 ℃ 、900 ℃和1000 ℃作为活化温度,制备出三种类型活性炭(ECGG-800,EGGG-900和EGGG-1000). 通过SEM、BET等对三种类型活性炭进行分析表征,并选取ECGG-900做酸性品红和亚甲基蓝的吸附饱和,进行两种最常用的吸附模型Freundlich和Langmuir的拟合. 结果表明用Freundlich吸附等温线模型能更好地解释鸡内金活性炭对酸性染料的吸附;而对于碱性染料的吸附,则Langmuir吸附等温线模型更有说服力;且该活性炭对酸性品红的吸附量可达1.682 g/g,对亚甲基蓝的吸附量更达2.045 g/g. 随着吸附时间的延长,三种活性炭对染料的去除率也随即增大. 由此可知,鸡内金活性炭对处理酸性和碱性染料效果均佳,是一种具有发展潜力的吸附剂.
  • [1]Zhang L, Zhou X, Guo X, Song X, Liu X.Investigation on the degradation of acid fuchsin induced oxidation by MgFe 2lixiaoyansubend O 4lixiaoyansubend under microwave irradiation[J].Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, 2011, 335(1):31-37
    [2]Arulkumar M, Sathishkumar P, Palvannan T.Optimization of Orange G dye adsorption by activated carbon of Thespesia populnea pods using response surface methodology[J].Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2011, 186(1):827-834
    [3] Stadler L B, Su L, Moline C J, Ernstoff A S, Aga D S, Love N G.Effect of redox conditions on pharmaceutical loss during biological wastewater treatment using sequencing batch reactors[J]. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2014.
    [4]Belaid C, Khadraoui M, Mseddi S, Kallel M, Elleuch B, Fauvarque J F.Electrochemical treatment of olive mill wastewater: Treatment extent and effluent phenolic compounds monitoring using some uncommon analytical tools[J].Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2013, 25(1):220-230
    [5]Aber S, Sheydaei M.Removal of COD from industrial effluent containing indigo dye using adsorption method by activated carbon cloth: optimization,kinetic and isotherm studies[J].Clean–Soil, Air, Water, 2012, 40(1):87-94
    [6]Li Y, Du Q, Liu T, Peng X, Wang J, Sun J, Wang Y, Wu S, Wang Z, Xia Y.Comparative study of methylene blue dye adsorption onto activated carbon,graphene oxide,and carbon nanotubes[J].Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 2013, 91(2):361-368
    [7]Summers R S, Kim S M, Shimabuku K, Chae S-H, Corwin C J.Granular activated carbon adsorption of MIB in the presence of dissolved organic matter[J].Water research, 2013, 47(10):3507-3513
    [8]Park K-H, Balathanigaimani M, Shim W-G, Lee J-W, Moon H.Adsorption characteristics of phenol on novel corn grain-based activated carbons[J].Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 2010, 127(1):1-8
    [9]Mohamad Nor N, Lau L C, Lee K T, Mohamed A R.Synthesis of activated carbon from lignocellulosic biomass and its applications in air pollution control—a review[J].Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 2013, 1(4):658-666
    [10]Rathinam A, Rao J R, Nair B U.Adsorption of phenol onto activated carbon from seaweed: determination of the optimal experimental parameters using factorial design[J].Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 2011, 42(6):952-956
    [11] Akar E, Altini?ik A, Seki Y.Using of activated carbon produced from spent tea leaves for the removal of malachite green from aqueous solution[J]. Ecological Engineering, 2013, 52:19-27.
    [12] Wang Z.Efficient adsorption of dibutyl phthalate from aqueous solution by activated carbon developed from phoenix leaves[J]. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 2014, 1-10.
    [13] Njoku V, Islam M A, Asif M, Hameed B.Preparation of mesoporous activated carbon from coconut frond for the adsorption of carbofuran insecticide[J]. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 2014.
    [14]Li W-H, Yue Q-Y, Gao B-Y, Ma Z-H, Li Y-J, Zhao H-X.Preparation and utilization of sludge-based activated carbon for the adsorption of dyes from aqueous solutions[J].Chemical Engineering Journal, 2011, 171(1):320-327
    [15]Sze M, McKay G.An adsorption diffusion model for removal of para-chlorophenol by activated carbon derived from bituminous coal[J].Environmental Pollution, 2010, 158(5):1669-1674
    [16]Chen W, Zhang H, Huang Y, Wang W.A fish scale based hierarchical lamellar porous carbon material obtained using a natural template for high performance electrochemical capacitors[J].Journal of Materials Chemistry, 2010, 20(23):4773-4775
    [17]Lim P N, Chang L, Tay B Y, Guneta V, Choong C, Ho B, Thian E S.Proposed Mechanism of Antibacterial Action of Chemically Modified Apatite for Reduced Bone Infection[J].ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2014, 6(19):17082-17092
    [18] Hong X, Hui K, Zeng Z, Hui K, Zhang L, Mo M, Li M.Hierarchical nitrogen-doped porous carbon with high surface area derived from endothelium corneum gigeriae galli for high-performance supercapacitor[J]. Electrochimica Acta, 2014, 130:464-469.

    [1]Zhang L, Zhou X, Guo X, Song X, Liu X.Investigation on the degradation of acid fuchsin induced oxidation by MgFe 2lixiaoyansubend O 4lixiaoyansubend under microwave irradiation[J].Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, 2011, 335(1):31-37
    [2]Arulkumar M, Sathishkumar P, Palvannan T.Optimization of Orange G dye adsorption by activated carbon of Thespesia populnea pods using response surface methodology[J].Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2011, 186(1):827-834
    [3] Stadler L B, Su L, Moline C J, Ernstoff A S, Aga D S, Love N G.Effect of redox conditions on pharmaceutical loss during biological wastewater treatment using sequencing batch reactors[J]. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2014.
    [4]Belaid C, Khadraoui M, Mseddi S, Kallel M, Elleuch B, Fauvarque J F.Electrochemical treatment of olive mill wastewater: Treatment extent and effluent phenolic compounds monitoring using some uncommon analytical tools[J].Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2013, 25(1):220-230
    [5]Aber S, Sheydaei M.Removal of COD from industrial effluent containing indigo dye using adsorption method by activated carbon cloth: optimization,kinetic and isotherm studies[J].Clean–Soil, Air, Water, 2012, 40(1):87-94
    [6]Li Y, Du Q, Liu T, Peng X, Wang J, Sun J, Wang Y, Wu S, Wang Z, Xia Y.Comparative study of methylene blue dye adsorption onto activated carbon,graphene oxide,and carbon nanotubes[J].Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 2013, 91(2):361-368
    [7]Summers R S, Kim S M, Shimabuku K, Chae S-H, Corwin C J.Granular activated carbon adsorption of MIB in the presence of dissolved organic matter[J].Water research, 2013, 47(10):3507-3513
    [8]Park K-H, Balathanigaimani M, Shim W-G, Lee J-W, Moon H.Adsorption characteristics of phenol on novel corn grain-based activated carbons[J].Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 2010, 127(1):1-8
    [9]Mohamad Nor N, Lau L C, Lee K T, Mohamed A R.Synthesis of activated carbon from lignocellulosic biomass and its applications in air pollution control—a review[J].Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 2013, 1(4):658-666
    [10]Rathinam A, Rao J R, Nair B U.Adsorption of phenol onto activated carbon from seaweed: determination of the optimal experimental parameters using factorial design[J].Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 2011, 42(6):952-956
    [11] Akar E, Altini?ik A, Seki Y.Using of activated carbon produced from spent tea leaves for the removal of malachite green from aqueous solution[J]. Ecological Engineering, 2013, 52:19-27.
    [12] Wang Z.Efficient adsorption of dibutyl phthalate from aqueous solution by activated carbon developed from phoenix leaves[J]. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 2014, 1-10.
    [13] Njoku V, Islam M A, Asif M, Hameed B.Preparation of mesoporous activated carbon from coconut frond for the adsorption of carbofuran insecticide[J]. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 2014.
    [14]Li W-H, Yue Q-Y, Gao B-Y, Ma Z-H, Li Y-J, Zhao H-X.Preparation and utilization of sludge-based activated carbon for the adsorption of dyes from aqueous solutions[J].Chemical Engineering Journal, 2011, 171(1):320-327
    [15]Sze M, McKay G.An adsorption diffusion model for removal of para-chlorophenol by activated carbon derived from bituminous coal[J].Environmental Pollution, 2010, 158(5):1669-1674
    [16]Chen W, Zhang H, Huang Y, Wang W.A fish scale based hierarchical lamellar porous carbon material obtained using a natural template for high performance electrochemical capacitors[J].Journal of Materials Chemistry, 2010, 20(23):4773-4775
    [17]Lim P N, Chang L, Tay B Y, Guneta V, Choong C, Ho B, Thian E S.Proposed Mechanism of Antibacterial Action of Chemically Modified Apatite for Reduced Bone Infection[J].ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2014, 6(19):17082-17092
    [18] Hong X, Hui K, Zeng Z, Hui K, Zhang L, Mo M, Li M.Hierarchical nitrogen-doped porous carbon with high surface area derived from endothelium corneum gigeriae galli for high-performance supercapacitor[J]. Electrochimica Acta, 2014, 130:464-469.
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2014-11-13
  • 修回日期:  2014-12-01
  • 刊出日期:  2015-05-25

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