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文本阅读中时间信息加工的二阶段模型——来自ERP的证据

赖斯燕 周灵丹 薛颖 罗伟 何先友

赖斯燕, 周灵丹, 薛颖, 罗伟, 何先友. 文本阅读中时间信息加工的二阶段模型——来自ERP的证据[J]. 华南师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2017, 49(1): 122-127.
引用本文: 赖斯燕, 周灵丹, 薛颖, 罗伟, 何先友. 文本阅读中时间信息加工的二阶段模型——来自ERP的证据[J]. 华南师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2017, 49(1): 122-127.
Two-Phase Model of Processing Temporal Shifts in Text Reading:Evidence from ERP Experiments[J]. Journal of South China normal University (Natural Science Edition), 2017, 49(1): 122-127.
Citation: Two-Phase Model of Processing Temporal Shifts in Text Reading:Evidence from ERP Experiments[J]. Journal of South China normal University (Natural Science Edition), 2017, 49(1): 122-127.

文本阅读中时间信息加工的二阶段模型——来自ERP的证据

基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目

详细信息
    通讯作者:

    何先友

Two-Phase Model of Processing Temporal Shifts in Text Reading:Evidence from ERP Experiments

  • 摘要: 采用ERP技术,通过2个实验来探究文本阅读中时间信息加工的内在机制. 实验一通过控制文本阅读中事件场景持续时间,以时间词和回指词的N400波幅为指标,探讨时间信息转换后关键句阅读时间延长的原因;为了消除加工时间词本身对回指词加工的影响,实验二将重名回指词放在事件句句尾,进一步验证二阶段模型. 2个实验的结果表明:文本中时间转换信息引起关键句阅读时间延长的原因包括加工时间词与更新情境模型、通达先前信息与整合;文本阅读中时间信息加工符合二阶段模型,加工时间词和情境模型的更新为第一阶段,通达与整合先前信息为第二阶段. 研究结果为文本阅读中时间加工的二阶段模型进一步提供了神经生理方面的证据.
  • [1]何先友, 李惠娟, 魏玉兵.文本阅读中时间信息加工的二阶段模型[J].心理学报, 2011, 43(3):1355-1369
    [2]何先友, 林崇德.时间顺序与时间距离对语言理解的影响:进一步的证据[J].心理科学, 2008, 31(1):20-25
    [3]何先友, 刘地秀.记叙文中倒叙事件的时间表征[J].心理学报, 2009, 41(1):684-693
    [4]何先友, 杨惠, 邓玉梅, 吴爽.文本阅读中时间信息加工特点及二阶段模型的建构[J].心理科学进展, 2012, 20(3):963-970
    [5]贺晓玲, 陈俊, 张积家.文本加工中情境模型建构的五个维度[J].心理科学进展, 2008, 16(1):193-199
    [6]王瑞乐, 李妮, 陈宝国.句子加工中的语义P600效应[J].心理科学进展, 2010, 18(2):545-552
    [7]Anderson, A, Gsrrod, S. C., & Sanford, A. J. .The accessibility of pronominal antecedents as a function of episode shifts in narrative text[J].Quarter Journal of Experimental Psychology, 1983, 35(A):427-440
    [8]Ditman, T, Holcomb, P. J. & Kuperberg, G. R..Time travel through language: Temporal shifts rapidly decrease information accessibility during reading[J].Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 2008, 15(1):750-756
    [9]Ericsson, K. A., & Kintsch, W..Long-term working memory[J].Psychological Review, 1995, 102(3):211-245
    [10]Glenberg, A. M., Meyer, M., & Lindem, K. .Mental models contribute to foregrounding during text comprehension[J].Journal of Memory and Language, 1987, 26(2):69-83
    [11]Gordon, P. C. & Chan, D. .Pronouns, Passives, and Discourse Coherence[J].Journal of Memory and Language, 1995, 34(2):216-231
    [12]Kelter, S., Kaup, B., & Claus, B..Representing a Described Sequence of Event: A Dynamic View of Narrative Comprehension[J].Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2004, 30(1):451-464
    [13]Kintsch, W, & Van Dijk, T. A. .Toward a model of text comprehension and production[J].Psychological review, 1978, 85(3):363-372
    [14]Kuperberg, G. R., Sitnikova, T., Caplan, D., & Holcomb, P. J. .Electrophysiological distinctions in processing conceptual relationships within simple sentences[J].Cognitive Brain Research, 2003, 17(2):117-129
    [15]Speer, N. K. & Zacks, J. M. .Temporal changes as event boundaries: Processing and memory consequences of narrative time shifts[J].Journal of Memory and Language, 2005, 53(3):125-140
    [16]Taylor, Shiri Lev-Ari, & Zwaan, R. A..Inferences about action engage action systems[J].Brain and Language, 2008, 107(3):62-67
    [17]van Dijk, T. A. & Kintsch, W. .Strategies of Discourse Comprehension. [J].New York: Academic Press., 1983, 1(1):1-123
    [18]Zwaan, R. A. .Processing Narrative Time Shifts[J].Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 1996, 22(2):1196-1207
    [19]Zwaan, R. A., Langston, M. C., & Graesser, A.C. .The construction of situation models in narrative comprehension: An event-indexing model[J].Psychological Science, 1995, 6(1):292-297
    [20]Zwaan, R. A., Radvansky, G. A. .Situation models in language comprehension and memory[J].Psychological Bulletin, 1998, 123(2):162-185
    [21]Zwaan, R. A., & Taylor, L. J. .Seeing, acting, understanding: Motor resonance in language comprehension[J].Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2006, 135(3):1-11

    [1]何先友, 李惠娟, 魏玉兵.文本阅读中时间信息加工的二阶段模型[J].心理学报, 2011, 43(3):1355-1369
    [2]何先友, 林崇德.时间顺序与时间距离对语言理解的影响:进一步的证据[J].心理科学, 2008, 31(1):20-25
    [3]何先友, 刘地秀.记叙文中倒叙事件的时间表征[J].心理学报, 2009, 41(1):684-693
    [4]何先友, 杨惠, 邓玉梅, 吴爽.文本阅读中时间信息加工特点及二阶段模型的建构[J].心理科学进展, 2012, 20(3):963-970
    [5]贺晓玲, 陈俊, 张积家.文本加工中情境模型建构的五个维度[J].心理科学进展, 2008, 16(1):193-199
    [6]王瑞乐, 李妮, 陈宝国.句子加工中的语义P600效应[J].心理科学进展, 2010, 18(2):545-552
    [7]Anderson, A, Gsrrod, S. C., & Sanford, A. J. .The accessibility of pronominal antecedents as a function of episode shifts in narrative text[J].Quarter Journal of Experimental Psychology, 1983, 35(A):427-440
    [8]Ditman, T, Holcomb, P. J. & Kuperberg, G. R..Time travel through language: Temporal shifts rapidly decrease information accessibility during reading[J].Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 2008, 15(1):750-756
    [9]Ericsson, K. A., & Kintsch, W..Long-term working memory[J].Psychological Review, 1995, 102(3):211-245
    [10]Glenberg, A. M., Meyer, M., & Lindem, K. .Mental models contribute to foregrounding during text comprehension[J].Journal of Memory and Language, 1987, 26(2):69-83
    [11]Gordon, P. C. & Chan, D. .Pronouns, Passives, and Discourse Coherence[J].Journal of Memory and Language, 1995, 34(2):216-231
    [12]Kelter, S., Kaup, B., & Claus, B..Representing a Described Sequence of Event: A Dynamic View of Narrative Comprehension[J].Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2004, 30(1):451-464
    [13]Kintsch, W, & Van Dijk, T. A. .Toward a model of text comprehension and production[J].Psychological review, 1978, 85(3):363-372
    [14]Kuperberg, G. R., Sitnikova, T., Caplan, D., & Holcomb, P. J. .Electrophysiological distinctions in processing conceptual relationships within simple sentences[J].Cognitive Brain Research, 2003, 17(2):117-129
    [15]Speer, N. K. & Zacks, J. M. .Temporal changes as event boundaries: Processing and memory consequences of narrative time shifts[J].Journal of Memory and Language, 2005, 53(3):125-140
    [16]Taylor, Shiri Lev-Ari, & Zwaan, R. A..Inferences about action engage action systems[J].Brain and Language, 2008, 107(3):62-67
    [17]van Dijk, T. A. & Kintsch, W. .Strategies of Discourse Comprehension. [J].New York: Academic Press., 1983, 1(1):1-123
    [18]Zwaan, R. A. .Processing Narrative Time Shifts[J].Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 1996, 22(2):1196-1207
    [19]Zwaan, R. A., Langston, M. C., & Graesser, A.C. .The construction of situation models in narrative comprehension: An event-indexing model[J].Psychological Science, 1995, 6(1):292-297
    [20]Zwaan, R. A., Radvansky, G. A. .Situation models in language comprehension and memory[J].Psychological Bulletin, 1998, 123(2):162-185
    [21]Zwaan, R. A., & Taylor, L. J. .Seeing, acting, understanding: Motor resonance in language comprehension[J].Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2006, 135(3):1-11
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-01-13
  • 修回日期:  2016-03-23
  • 刊出日期:  2017-02-25

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