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碳达峰与碳中和背景下蓝碳开发价值、理论与建议探讨

宋豫秦 应验

宋豫秦, 应验. 碳达峰与碳中和背景下蓝碳开发价值、理论与建议探讨[J]. 华南师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2022, 54(3): 93-99. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2022048
引用本文: 宋豫秦, 应验. 碳达峰与碳中和背景下蓝碳开发价值、理论与建议探讨[J]. 华南师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2022, 54(3): 93-99. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2022048
SONG Yuqin, YING Yan. The Value, Theory and Suggestion Concerning Blue Carbon Development Against the Background of Carbon Peak and Carbon Neutrality[J]. Journal of South China normal University (Natural Science Edition), 2022, 54(3): 93-99. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2022048
Citation: SONG Yuqin, YING Yan. The Value, Theory and Suggestion Concerning Blue Carbon Development Against the Background of Carbon Peak and Carbon Neutrality[J]. Journal of South China normal University (Natural Science Edition), 2022, 54(3): 93-99. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2022048

碳达峰与碳中和背景下蓝碳开发价值、理论与建议探讨

doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2022048
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 71810107004

详细信息
    通讯作者:

    应验,Email: yingyan@pku.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: X37;F207;F206;G301

The Value, Theory and Suggestion Concerning Blue Carbon Development Against the Background of Carbon Peak and Carbon Neutrality

  • 摘要: 对蓝碳与海洋碳汇概念混用的问题进行了辨析分析,综述了国内外蓝碳的相关研究进展,运用CiteSpace文献计量方法梳理出蓝碳研究的脉络与趋势,阐述了蓝碳的生态系统服务功能,通过生态学、经济学等跨学科视角对蓝碳开发进行了理论分析。针对碳达峰与碳中和背景下如何更好地进行蓝碳开发提出了三方面的建议,包括:加强理论研究与技术创新、加快推进多主体协同治理、加深市场化机制培育力度等。
  • 图  1  蓝碳研究的共被引分布

    Figure  1.  The co-citation distribution of research on Blue Carbon

    表  1  蓝碳与海洋碳汇的区别

    Table  1.   The difference between Blue Carbon and Ocean Carbon Sink

    蓝碳 海洋碳汇
    英文表述 Blue Carbon Ocean Carbon Sink
    概念界定 海洋系统中易于管理的生物驱动的碳通量与存量a 排碳量小于其固碳量的地区或生态系统b
    类属 碳的一种,根据碳的功能、特质和地域还可分为黑碳、褐碳、红碳等类型 与温室气体的源、汇、库有关,碳汇与碳源是一组概念
    典型表述 “开展蓝碳标准体系和交易机制研究” “增加海洋碳汇,控制温室气体排放”
    注:a来源于《气候变化中的海洋和冰冻圈特别报告》;b来源于《联合国气候变化框架公约》。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  蓝碳研究高频关键词统计

    Table  2.   The statistics of high-frequency keywords in research on Blue Carbon

    序号 关键词 频数 序号 关键词 频数
    1 Blue Carbon 90 24 posidonia oceanica 18
    2 climate change 62 25 coastal 17
    3 sequestration 58 26 community 16
    4 organic carbon 49 27 mangrove 16
    5 forest 39 28 growth 15
    6 storage 34 29 nitrogen 14
    7 ecosystem service 33 30 salt marshe 14
    8 ecosystem 33 31 conservation 14
    9 sediment 33 32 management 14
    10 dynamics 32 33 Prussian blue 13
    11 sea level rise 30 34 seagra 13
    12 salt marsh 28 35 tidal marsh 12
    13 mangrove forest 27 36 decomposition 12
    14 organic matter 26 37 vegetation 12
    15 carbon sequestration 23 38 marine sediment 12
    16 impact 23 39 bay 12
    17 wetland 22 40 coastal ecosystem 11
    18 emission 21 41 soil carbon 11
    19 bioma 20 42 carbon stock 11
    20 soil 20 43 variability 10
    21 coastal wetland 20 44 spartina alterniflora 10
    22 accumulation 19 45 estuary 10
    23 stock 19 46 habitat 10
    注:统计来源于Web of Science网站(https://www.webofscience.com)。
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-03-29
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-07-29
  • 刊出日期:  2022-06-25

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