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钙铜复合吸收剂CO2捕集性能优化研究进展

陈健 孙世超 李铭迪 焦洪宇 张益锋 王业泰

陈健, 孙世超, 李铭迪, 焦洪宇, 张益锋, 王业泰. 钙铜复合吸收剂CO2捕集性能优化研究进展[J]. 华南师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2022, 54(3): 43-52. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2022043
引用本文: 陈健, 孙世超, 李铭迪, 焦洪宇, 张益锋, 王业泰. 钙铜复合吸收剂CO2捕集性能优化研究进展[J]. 华南师范大学学报(自然科学版), 2022, 54(3): 43-52. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2022043
CHEN Jian, SUN Shichao, LI Mingdi, JIAO Hongyu, ZHANG Yifeng, WANG Yetai. The Progress in the Research on Optimizing CO2 Capture Performance of CaO/CuO Composites[J]. Journal of South China normal University (Natural Science Edition), 2022, 54(3): 43-52. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2022043
Citation: CHEN Jian, SUN Shichao, LI Mingdi, JIAO Hongyu, ZHANG Yifeng, WANG Yetai. The Progress in the Research on Optimizing CO2 Capture Performance of CaO/CuO Composites[J]. Journal of South China normal University (Natural Science Edition), 2022, 54(3): 43-52. doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2022043

钙铜复合吸收剂CO2捕集性能优化研究进展

doi: 10.6054/j.jscnun.2022043
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 51506011

详细信息
    通讯作者:

    王业泰, Email: wangyetai@cslg.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TK16

The Progress in the Research on Optimizing CO2 Capture Performance of CaO/CuO Composites

  • 摘要: 开发高效、低成本的CO2捕集技术是我国实现“碳达峰、碳中和”目标的重要途径。基于钙铜复合吸收剂的钙循环耦合化学链燃烧工艺是一种改进的钙循环技术,通过耦合化学链燃烧来替代钙循环技术中高能耗的空气分离器,可显著降低系统能耗、提高其经济性,受到了国内外学者的广泛关注。介绍了钙循环耦合化学链燃烧工艺的基本原理,阐述了目前钙循环耦合化学链燃烧工艺面临的重大挑战——钙铜复合吸收剂CO2捕集性能在循环过程中的急剧衰减;综述了提高钙铜复合吸收剂CO2捕集性能的改性措施,主要包括载体负载法、水蒸气活化、高温热预处理等;综合分析了各种改性方法的优缺点并指明了今后的研究方向。
  • 图  1  钙循环技术示意图

    Figure  1.  The schema of the calcium looping process

    图  2  钙循环耦合化学链燃烧工艺示意图

    Figure  2.  The schema of calcium looping integrated with chemical looping combustion

    图  3  基于钙循环耦合化学链燃烧工艺的吸附强化甲烷水蒸气联合重整制氢工艺示意图

    Figure  3.  The schema of H2 production through sorption-enhanced methane steam reforming process based on calcium looping integrated with chemical looping combustion

    图  4  钙铜复合吸收剂在不同次数循环后表面的元素分布图[15]

    Figure  4.  The surface element distribution of CaO/CuO composites after different cycles[15]

    图  5  采用湿法混合法时有无高温热预处理制备的钙铜复合吸收剂在循环反应中的示意图

    Figure  5.  The schema of CaO/CuO composites synthesized with the wet mixing method with or without high-temperature thermal pretreatment during cycling reactions

    图  6  中空微球钙铜复合吸收剂在钙循环耦合化学链燃烧工艺中的示意图

    Figure  6.  The schema of CaO/CuO composites with a hollow microsphere structure in calcium looping integrated with chemical looping combustion

    表  1  不同改性方法下钙铜复合吸收剂的CO2捕集性能

    Table  1.   The CO2 capture performance of CaO/CuO composite sorbent using different modification approaches

    改性方法 反应器 反应条件a 循环次数 CO2吸附率 文献
    首次 末次
    载体负载法(MgO/Al2O3)和结构改性(核壳结构) 热重分析仪 煅烧/还原:750 ℃,15%CH4,8 min
    碳酸化:750 ℃,15%CO2,10 min
    30 0.05 0.08 [12]
    载体负载法(水泥) 热重分析仪 煅烧/还原:875 ℃,CH4,10 min
    碳酸化:650 ℃,20%CO2,15 min
    16 0.06 0.02 [15]
    载体负载法(MgO) 热重分析仪 煅烧/还原:750 ℃,10%CH4,20 min
    碳酸化:750 ℃,40%CO2,40 min
    15 0.15 0.10 [13]
    载体负载法(MgO) 热重分析仪 煅烧/还原:800 ℃,15%CH4,10 min
    碳酸化:650 ℃,15%CO2,10 min
    4 0.26 0.20 [14]
    载体负载法(MgO) 热重分析仪 煅烧/还原:950 ℃,15%CH4,10 min
    碳酸化:750 ℃,15%CO2,10 min
    4 0.11 0.09 [14]
    载体负载法(Al2O3) 热重分析仪 煅烧/还原:850 ℃,10%CH4,10 min
    碳酸化:750 ℃,15%CO2,30 min
    35 0.18 0.11 [11]
    载体负载法(Al2O3)和水蒸气活化(全过程通入水蒸气) 热重分析仪 煅烧/还原:850 ℃,10%CH4,2%H2O,10 min
    碳酸化:750 ℃,15%CO2,2%H2O,30 min
    10 0.18 0.16 [11]
    载体负载法(MgO)和水蒸气活化(全过程通入水蒸气) 热重分析仪 煅烧/还原:750 ℃,15%CH4,13.6%H2O,10 min
    碳酸化:750 ℃,15%CO2,13.6%H2O,10 min
    10 0.08 0.075 [28]
    载体负载法(MgO)和水蒸气活化(仅碳酸化反应通入水蒸气) 热重分析仪 煅烧/还原:750 ℃,15%CH4,10 min
    碳酸化:750 ℃,15%CO2,13.6%H2O,10 min
    10 0.08 0.068 [28]
    载体负载法(MgO)和高温热预处理 热重分析仪 煅烧/还原:750 ℃,15%CH4,10 min
    碳酸化:750 ℃,15%CO2,10 min
    40 0.07 0.05 [28]
    载体负载法(水泥)和高温热预处理 热重分析仪 煅烧:650~875 ℃升温,N2,22.5 min
    还原:875 ℃,CH4,10 min
    碳酸化:650 ℃,20%CO2,15 min
    15 0.02 0.01 [15]
    载体负载法(水泥)和水蒸气活化(仅碳酸化反应通入水蒸气) 热重分析仪 煅烧:650~875 ℃升温,N2,22.5 min
    还原:875 ℃,CH4,10 min
    碳酸化:650 ℃,20%CO2,10%水蒸气,15 min
    10 0.10 0.06 [15]
    结构改性(纳米结构) 热重分析仪 煅烧/还原:650~800 ℃升温,15%CH4,15 min
    碳酸化:650 ℃,15%CO2,30 min
    40 0.11 0.17 [26]
    结构改性(核壳结构) 固定床反应器 煅烧/还原:850 ℃,66.5% H2,15 min
    碳酸化:650 ℃,15%CO2,15 min
    12 0.11 0.07 [29]
    结构改性(中空微球结构) 固定床反应器 煅烧/还原:850 ℃,20%CH4,10 min
    碳酸化:650 ℃,15%CO2,5 min
    20 0.21 0.15 [27]
    结构改性(中空微球结构) 固定床反应器 煅烧/还原:940 ℃,20%CH4(CO2作为平衡气),10 min
    碳酸化:650 ℃,15%CO2,5 min
    10 0.19 0.12 [27]
    结构改性(纳米结构) 固定床反应器 煅烧/还原:800~850 ℃升温并保温10 min,1%CH4,15 min
    碳酸化:650 ℃,15%CO2,10 min
    19 0.13 0.10 [30]
    注:CO2吸附率为吸附的CO2质量与吸附剂质量之比;a表示无特别说明,都选用N2作为平衡气。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  普遍使用的载体的塔曼温度

    Table  2.   The Tammann temperatures of commonly used stabilizers

    物质 塔曼温度/℃ 文献 物质 塔曼温度/℃ 文献
    Al2O3 900 [31] MgO 1 276 [32]
    Ca3Al2O6 771 [32] Y2O3 1 083 [33]
    Ca12Al14O33 725 [31] CeO2 1 064 [34]
    TiO2 785 [31] Nd2O3 1 049 [35]
    CaTiO3 851 [31] Yb2O3 1 094 [36]
    SiO2 664 [31] La2O3 1 021 [37]
    Ca2SiO4 929 [38] WO3 600 [37]
    ZrO2 1 221 [31] HfO2 1 250 [37]
    CaZrO3 1 036 [31]
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-03-12
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-07-29
  • 刊出日期:  2022-06-25

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